ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast — Alassane Ouattara has been re-elected to a second term as the president of Ivory Coast, in the first peaceful presidential election in the country in more than two decades. The provisional results of the Sunday election, announced by the Independent Electoral Commission on Wednesday morning, declared Mr. Ouattara the winner, with 83.7 percent of the 3.1 million votes counted.
Mr. Ouattara, 73, an American-trained economist and a former top official at the International Monetary Fund, has managed to guide an economic recovery with growth rates surpassing 8 percent. His challenge will be to sustain such growth, and spread it evenly across all regions, as he tries to reconcile this still-divided nation.
Starting in 2000, civil war and violence tore Ivory Coast, the world’s largest cocoa producer, into two factions, culminating in bloody clashes that left 3,000 people dead in 2011, after President Laurent Gbagbo refused to step down to let Mr. Ouattara succeed him. It took an international military intervention to remove Mr. Gbagbo, who faces trial before the International Criminal Court in The Hague on charges relating to the 2011 violence. Read more